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Journal Articles Educational Policy Year : 2023

Special education and meritocratic inclusion

Abstract

In this theoretical article we present our hypothesis on the incompatibility of the inclusive education policy toward students with special educational needs with the meritocratic principle of education. If considering and recognizing the needs of these students is necessary to achieve a successful inclusive environment, we propose that this goal cannot be achieved within current educational systems driven by a meritocratic ideology. We base our rationale on social psychology theories such as system justification and backlash to argue that such incompatibility is particularly visible during the evaluation process. Finally, if we provide some incentives toward greater inclusion while considering the diverse contradictions such inclusivity generates, we also invite researchers to further empirically examine these contradictions in order to guide policy makers within their choices.

Domains

Education
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Dates and versions

hal-03982612 , version 1 (13-03-2023)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Arnaud Stanczak, Mickaël Jury, Cristina Aelenei, Julie Pironom, Marie-Christine Toczek, et al.. Special education and meritocratic inclusion. Educational Policy, inPress, ⟨10.1177/08959048231153606⟩. ⟨hal-03982612⟩
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